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Passau has a central geographical location within the three country region of Germany, Austria and Szechia. The three rivers − Danube, Inn and Ilz - lend the city on the Three-River-Conjunction-Point its unique beauty.
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Passau was a Roman provincial town for over 400 years. With the establishment of an episcopal residence in 739, the city life of Passau began to develop. In the 13th century, Bishops became rulers of the independent, small principality of Passau, which existed for almost 600 years. Devistating fires in the years 1662/80 reduced the proud, Gothic bishopric seat, including the cathedral, residence, churches and residential housing, to rubble. Italian Baroque masters created today's city skyline, with its southern European flair. St. Steven's Cathedral housing the largest cathedral organ in the world (233 stops, 17,974 pipes and five individual organs). The Baroque design of Passau is dominated by large squares, romantic promenades, winding lanes and majestic bridges. Framed by the Veste Oberhaus castle and the pilgrimage monestary Mariahilf, the historical city centre of Passau looks like a floating ship.
Water and shipping have always been integral components to life in Passau. The local shipping company offers "three-river" city tours and excursion into the Bavarian and Austrian Danube valley. Cruise ships invite to make a lovely trip to the cities and countrysides of the Danube lands through Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria and Romania to the Black Sea.
You can reach the three-river city from all directions via ICE rapid rail connections, motorways and highways, via scheduled line ships or cruise ships on the Danube, and last but not least, along bicycle and hiking paths. The airports in Munich (Germany 150km) and Linz (Austria 90km) are also near by.